Ministry of Business and Innovation - Occupation Outlook

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ICT Architects and Administrators

Job Prospects

Job Prospects... At a glance

Job prospects for ICT architects and administrators are good. Demand for employees in these fields has been growing, and there are not enough graduates to meet this demand.

Both of these occupations are on Immigration New Zealand’s long-term skill shortage list, reflecting the fact there are currently not enough graduates to meet demand.

Job prospects are likely to remain strong in coming years

How to become an ICT architect or administrator

What they do

An ICT architect looks at how business goals can be met through the use of information technology. They do this by examining the systems and procedures an organisation uses, and deciding if and how computer applications could be used to improve business efficiency and productivity.

ICT administrators take care of businesses ICT needs on a day-to-day basis. This includes maintaining and updating hardware and software to make sure the ICT systems work properly.

Their tasks may include:

  • designing and maintaining database architecture, data structures, tables, dictionaries and naming conventions to ensure the accuracy and completeness of all data master files
  • performing the operational establishment and preventive maintenance of backups, recovery procedures, and enforcing security and integrity controls
  • implementing and administering database documentation, guidelines, policies and procedures
  • testing database systems and upgrades, such as debugging, tracking, reproduction, logging and resolving all identified problems, according to approved quality testing scripts, procedures and processes
  • accepting responsibility for the processes, procedures and operational management associated with system security and disaster recovery planning
  • liaising with security vendors, suppliers, service providers and external resources; analysing, recommending, installing and maintaining software security applications; and monitoring contractual obligations, performance delivery and service level agreements
  • troubleshooting and providing service support in diagnosing, resolving and repairing server-related hardware and software malfunctions, encompassing workstations and communication infrastructure
  • preparing and maintaining documentation, policies and instructions, and recording and detailing operational procedures and system logs
  • ensuring that the design of computer sites allows all components to fit together and work properly, and monitoring and adjusting the performance of networks
  • continually surveying the current computer site to determine future network needs and making recommendations for enhancements in the implementation of future servers and networks.

Qualifications needed

ICT architects and administrators usually require a bachelor’s degree in one of the following subjects or similar:

  • information systems
  • information technology
  • computer science.

ICT architects usually also have many years of experience in another ICT role before progressing to their job.

Cost of study

Bachelor's Degree in Computer Science
$20,500 over three   years


Average costs in 2018 for a domestic student. Costs vary between institutions. First time students may be eligible for  fees-free tertiary education for their first year of study, which will reduce the total cost. For more information about fees-free eligibility, go to Some polytechnics may have a zero-fees scheme. Further costs include materials, textbooks, and accommodation.

Rents vary from place to place. Estimated market rents by region, city and suburb are available on the MBIE Tenancy Services website.

The StudyLink website provides general budget advice for students, and the Sorted website provides help with detailed budget planning.

Tenancy Services: 

Where to study

Most universities and polytechnics across the country offer degrees in information systems, information technology or computer science.

Professional organisations and certification

The Institute of IT Professionals (IITP) is the professional organisation for ICT professionals. Its services for members include mentoring and training workshops. It also accredits IT Professionals in New Zealand via two professional certifications. – CITPNZ and CTech.


It is expected that ICT architects and administrators who hold professional accreditation will have a significant advantage in the job market; they will command a higher level of pay than those without professional accreditation.

Further information on certification can be found in the IITP website.

IITP certification:   

Completed qualifications

The number of students completing computer science or information systems degrees grew from 2007 to 2014, but it did not grow quick enough to keep up with demand.

Qualification completions chart

Source: Ministry of Education

Income and employment prospects


In 2019, the average income for ICT architects and administrators was around $88,500.

Estimated Average Income

Source: MBIE estimates based on Statistics NZ Census and Labour Cost Index.

The Absolute IT recruitment company publishes a report of median salaries for different roles in the IT sector.

Absolute IT:

Employment and skill shortages

ICT architects and administrators’ employment

HistoricProjected Growth
2006 2013 2021 2026
21,195 29,205 37,750 43,490
  4.7% 4.4% 2.4%

Source: Statistics NZ Census and MBIE projections. Percentages are compound annual growth rates.
*Growth projections are for the broader category “Database and Systems Administrators, and ICT Security Specialists”.

Employment has grown over the past several years, with employment in ICT architects and administrators increasing by 4.7% each year to 2013. Strong growth is expected out to 2028.

Employment chart

Source: Statistics NZ Census and MBIE projections

Outcomes after qualification completion*

OverseasIn further studyReceiving a benefitIn employmentMedian Salary
14% 8% 2% 75% $56,000

Source: Tertiary Education Commission
*Three years after completion of Bachelor Degree - Computer Science.

Most people are in employment two years after graduating with a bachelor’s degree in computer science. Some are overseas, while very few are in further study. Three years after graduation, the median salary was around $56,000.

The following specific occupations related to ICT architects and administrators are on Immigration New Zealand’s long-term skill shortage list:

  • Software engineer
  • Database administrator
  • Systems administrator
  • ICT security specialist
  • Computer network and systems engineer
  • Network administrator

The long-long term shortage list always applies for all regions. If a job appears on the list, it means the government is actively encouraging skilled people in the role to come and work in New Zealand. A full list is available on the Immigration New Zealand website.

Immigration NZ, skill shortage list:

Where to find job vacancies

ICT architect and administrator vacancies are advertised through public media such as the Trade Me Jobs and Seek websites, and also through many IT-specific recruitment agencies.

Trade Me Jobs: 

Career path

ICT administrators can work their way into more senior positions. ICT architects are already in a senior position. Many take a project management role, and these jobs are often seen as a route to enter higher management-level positions, such as an ICT manager.

Related occupations

The following occupations are related roles or alternative titles. Some of the roles may require a higher level of skill than entry-level ICT architects and administrators.

  • Business Analyst
  • Database Administrator
  • ICT Security Specialist
  • IT Manager
  • Network Administrator
  • Network Analyst
  • Network Engineer
  • Security Architect
  • Software Architect
  • Software Developer
  • Systems Administrator
  • Systems Architect
  • Systems Engineer

Other information


More information on ICT architects and administrators is available on the Careers New Zealand website.

Careers New Zealand:


The Australian New Zealand Standard Classification of Occupations (ANZSCO) is the official classification of occupations in New Zealand.

The occupation of ICT architects and administrators has been coded to the following ANZSCO codes for the purpose of this report:

2613 – Software and Applications Programmers
2621 – Database and Systems Administrators, and ICT Security Specialists
2631 – Computer Network Professionals