Ministry of Business and Innovation - Occupation Outlook

Occupation Outlook | Main MBIE Site

Building Contractors

Job Prospects

Job Prospects... At a glance

Prospects for building contractors are good. Increased demand is being driven by a recovering commercial building sector and large road and infrastructure projects.

How to become a building contractor

What they do

Building contractors and construction project managers plan, organise, direct, control and co-ordinate the construction of civil engineering projects, buildings and dwellings, and the physical and human resources involved in building and construction. Building contractors often do smaller projects, while construction project managers are involved in bigger civil engineering projects.

Their tasks may include:

  • interpreting architectural drawings and specifications
  • coordinating labour resources, and procurement and delivery of materials, plant and equipment
  • consulting with Architects, Engineering Professionals and other professionals, and Technical and Trades Workers
  • negotiating with building owners, property developers and subcontractors involved in the construction process to ensure projects are completed on time and within budget
  • preparing tenders and contract bids
  • operating and implementing coordinated work programs for sites
  • ensuring adherence to building legislation and standards of performance, quality, cost and safety
  • arranging submission of plans to local authorities
  • building under contract, or subcontracting specialised building services
  • overseeing the standard and progress of subcontractors' work
  • arranging building inspections by local authorities.

 Qualifications needed

There are no specific qualifications needed to be a building contractor, but you must have the skills and experience needed to manage and complete building projects. Most are carpenters who become building contractors after years of experience.

Construction project managers require extensive experience in the construction industry. The job typically also requires one of the following qualifications: 

  • a civil engineering degree
  • a building qualification
  • a construction management diploma
  • a quantity surveying qualification.

Useful secondary school subjects include English, maths and technical drawing. Year 11 and 12 students can learn about the construction industry and gain relevant skills by doing a National Certificate in Building, Construction and Allied Trades (Levels 1 and 2) through the BConstructive programme.

BConstructive website:

For Year 11 to 13 students, the Gateway programme is also a good way to gain industry experience. More information on Gateway is available at your school.

Cost of study

National Diploma of Construction Management (Level 6)
$12,000 over two years (Full-time)

Average costs in 2018 for a domestic student. Costs vary between institutions. First time students may be eligible for  fees-free tertiary education for their first year of study, which will reduce the total cost. For more information about fees-free eligibility, go to Some polytechnics may have a zero-fees scheme. Further costs include materials, textbooks, and accommodation.

Rents vary from place to place. Estimated market rents by region, city and suburb are available on the MBIE Tenancy Services website.

The StudyLink website provides general budget advice for students, and the Sorted website provides help with detailed budget planning.

Tenancy Services:


As part of the Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment's Licensed Building Practitioners Scheme, certain building work is required to be carried out or overseen by a licensed building and construction manager. To get a licence, building or construction managers have to prove their experience and/or have appropriate qualifications.

Licensed Building Practitioners Rules:

Completed qualifications

Completions of Level 5 to 7 diplomas in building construction management dipped to 145 in 2014  and rose to 345 in 2017.

Qualification completions chart

Source: Ministry of Education

Income and employment prospects


In 2019, the average income for building contractors was around $59,900.

Estimated Average Income

Source: MBIE estimates based on Statistics NZ Census and Labour Cost Index

Employment and skill shortages

Building contractors’ employment

HistoricProjected Growth
2006 2013 2023 2028
29,163 27,360 28,700 30,150
  -0.9% 0.8% 0.8%

Source: Statistics NZ Census and MBIE projections. Percentages are compound annual growth rates.
*Growth projections are for the broader category “Construction, Distribution and Production Managers”.

The number of building contractors in employment fell slightly from 2006 to 2013. Towards 2028, employment is projected to increase at around 0.8% per year. 

Employment chart

Source: Statistics NZ Census and MBIE projections

Outcomes after qualification completion*

OverseasIn further studyReceiving a benefitIn employmentMedian Salary
16% 21% 2% 75% $59,000


 Tertiary Education Commission *Three years after completion of L5-7 Certificate – Building.

Three years after completing a Level 4 Certificate in Building, 75% of graduates were employed and 16% were overseas. The median annual salary at that point was around $59,000. 

Project builders (a specific category of building contractors) are on Immigration New Zealand's Long-Term Skill Shortage List for all regions. Construction project managers are on the Construction and Infrastructure Skill Shortage List for all regions.

If a job appears on the lists, it means the government is actively encouraging skilled people in the role to come and work in New Zealand. A full list is available on the Immigration New Zealand website.

Immigration NZ, skill shortage list:

Where to find job vacancies

The number of online job vacancies for construction managers has increased rapidly since 2010, and much more quickly than the average of all occupations, but has started to come down a little in the last two years.

Jobs advertised chart

Source: Ministry of Business, Innovation & Employment

Vacancies for project builders are advertised through public media such as the Trade Me Jobs and Seek websites.

Trade Me Jobs:

Career path

Construction project managers need extensive experience in the construction industry. Some experienced project managers also start up their own building and construction companies.

Related occupations

The following occupations are related roles or alternative titles. Some of the roles may require a higher level of skill than entry-level building contractors.

  • Builder
  • Carpenter
  • Civil Engineer
  • Concrete Worker
  • Construction Project Managers
  • Joiner
  • Project Builder
  • Site Manager
  • Site Supervisor

Other information


More information on construction managers is available on the Careers New Zealand website.

Careers New Zealand:


The Australian New Zealand Standard Classification of Occupations (ANZSCO) is the official classification of occupations in New Zealand.

The occupation of project builders has been coded to the following ANZSCO code for the purpose of this report:

1331 – Construction Managers