Job Prospects... At a glance
Job prospects for customs officers are slightly below average. There are few vacancies and competition is tough when there are openings. New technology is also replacing some of the jobs that customs officers do today. On the other hand, tourism and immigration is increasing, which should give rise to more positions for customs officers and for the related occupation of immigration officer.
Customs officers control people and goods coming into New Zealand to make sure everything coming in is legal, properly declared and taxed. Some closely related roles are immigration officers and biosecurity officers. Immigration officers make sure only people with the legal right to be in New Zealand can enter the country, whereas biosecurity officers work to try and make sure no foreign wildlife that could threaten our native plants and animals can enter the country.
No specific qualifications are needed to work as a customs officer. You need to be a New Zealand citizen or permanent resident, and to have a driver’s licence. Successful applicants are selected at an assessment centre, and must then pass a medical before starting training. Training for customs officers takes nine weeks.
Prospective immigration officers also need to have New Zealand citizenship or permanent residency. They go through training and assessment, and if successful, they go through a longer period of on-the-job training. A tertiary qualification is not required, but can be useful.
Biosecurity officers usually need a degree in botany or zoology, as well as a driver’s licence.
|Customs Officer Training|
Successful applicants to entry-level customs officer roles receive training for free. There could be costs involved for applicants in order to meet the minimum requirements to apply, for example getting a driver’s licence.
Training is also free for immigration officers, whereas the cost of a relevant degree for biosecurity officers varies between different universities.
Rents vary from place to place. Estimated market rents by region, city and suburb are available on the MBIE Tenancy Services website.
The StudyLink website provides general budget advice for students, and the Sorted website provides help with detailed budget planning.
Initial training for customs officers is located in Auckland.
Biological subjects like botany and zoology can be studied at most universities in New Zealand.
In 2016, the annual income for customs officers is estimated to be around $57,500. Income depends on experience and the specific role.
|Estimated Average Income|
Source: MBIE estimates based on Statistics NZ Census and Labour Cost Index
Customs officers’ employment
Source: Statistics NZ Census and MBIE projections. Percentages are compound annual growth rates.
* Growth projections are based on the category “Miscellaneous Clerical and Administrative Workers”.
The number of customs officers in employment decreased from 2006 to 2013. However, employment is projected to increase by over 1 % per year out to 2025.
Many immigration, customs and biosecurity officers work at the airport in Auckland. This is where most people and some goods enter New Zealand. Others work in offices assessing applications and answering queries from the public.
Source: Statistics NZ Census and MBIE projections
Customs officers are not on Immigration New Zealand's skill shortage list
Immigration NZ, skill shortage list: skillshortages.immigration.govt.nz
The number of online job vacancies in the broader category ‘Inspectors and regulatory officers’ grew quickly from 2012 to 2014, before declining to 2015. From 2008 to 2015, the growth in vacancies for these occupations followed a similar path to the average for all vacancies.
Jobs advertised chart
Source: Ministry of Business, Innovation & Employment
Customs officer vacancies are advertised on the web page of NZ Customs Service.
NZ Customs, careers: https://careers.customs.govt.nz/index
Customs officers can move into senior or managerial roles or specialise, for example, as an investigator or dog handler. Some also go into other roles within the government.
The following occupations are related roles or alternative titles. Some of the roles may require a higher level of skill than entry-level customs officers.
More information on customs officers is available on the Careers New Zealand website and through the "Just the Job" video.
The Australian New Zealand Standard Classification of Occupations (ANZSCO) is the official classification of occupations in New Zealand.
The occupation of customs officers has been coded to the following ANZSCO code for the purpose of this report:
5995 –Inspectors and Regulatory Officers