Job Prospects... At a glance
The number of hairdressers and barbers has increased in recent years, and job prospects are considered as average. Their slightly-below-average income partly reflects the relatively high proportion of part-time workers in the industry.
There is always demand for the service hairdressers provide, and employment prospects are more positive for those who are fully qualified and experienced.
Hairdressers cut, colour, style and care for clients’ hair and scalps. Most hairdressing skills are learnt on the job. Barbers primarily cut men’s hair, and sometimes they also shave their customers. Barbers do not colour hair.
Some people complete full-time training over one or two years in hairdressing or barbering at a polytechnic or other training provider.
In the first year of a full-time hairdressing course, trainees usually gain the New Zealand Certificate in Hairdressing (Salon Support) (Level 3). Some schools also offer the New Zealand Certificate in Hairdressing (Emerging Stylist) Level 4. Students who attend a full-time barbering course will spend 8-9 months to gain the New Zealand Certificate in Barber Skills (Level 3).
These hairdressing qualifications include some unit standards towards a Level 4 New Zealand Certificate in Hairdressing (Professional Stylist). . The units gained in the Barber Skills (Level 3) qualification can go towards the New Zealand Certificate in Commercial Barbering (Level 4). Both the Professional Stylist (Level 4) and Commercial Barbering (Level 4) qualifications contain practical work experience components that must be completed in a commercial salon or barbershop.
To be eligible for entry to most hairdressing or barbering qualifications, you will need at least 3 years of secondary education. Good maths, art, English and communication skills are also useful.
The New Zealand Certificate in Hairdressing (Professional Stylist) (Level 4) is usually gained after four years working as an apprentice. The New Zealand Certificate in Commercial Barbering (Level 4) can also be completed by doing a barbering apprenticeship, which takes 2.5 years
Apprentices are employees of a salon or barbershop and gain on-the-job experience while also undertaking training at a polytechnic or other training provider. They are employed and paid by the business they train in.
|New Zealand Certificate in Hairdressing (Salon Support - Level 3)||Hairdressing Apprenticeship (HITO)|
|$7,000 over 34 weeks||$3,000 over four years|
|New Zealand Certificate in Barber Skills (Level 3)||Barbering Apprenticeship (HITO)|
|$7,500 over 36 weeks||$1,600 over two and a half years|
Average course fees in 2016 for a domestic student. Some polytechnics may have a zero-fees scheme. Costs vary between institutions. Further costs can include materials, textbooks, scissors and other equipment, exams and accommodation.
The StudyLink website provides general budget advice for students, and the Sorted website provides help with detailed budget planning.
Rents vary from place to place. Estimated market rents by region, city and suburb are available on the MBIE Tenancy Services website.
If you are a secondary school student interested in becoming a hairdresser or a barber, you can complete the Gateway programme. The Gateway programme allows you to spend up to two days a week in a salon or barbershop, so you can learn about the industry and a potential career in hairdressing, and gain unit standards at the same time.
Gateway programme: www.hito.org.nz/qualifications/gateway
About 26 organisations offer Level 3 certificates in hairdressing. There are 12 organisations throughout New Zealand who offer local hairdressing qualifications at Level 4.
The New Zealand Hair and Beauty Industry Training Organisation (HITO) is responsible for on-the-job training for hairdressers and barbers.
NZQA, hairdressing organisations. Level 4: www.nzqa.govt.nz/nzqf/search/viewQualification.do?selectedItemKey=0022
The number of students completing a Level 3 Certificate in Hairdressing increased from 560 in 2006 to over 1,100 a year from 2010 to 2013. More people are also completing the Level 4 Certificate in Hairdressing (for example, 440 in 2013).
Number of students completing a hairdressing qualification
Source: Ministry of Education
In 2016, the average annual income for hairdressers and barbers was estimated to be around $31,500, which partly reflects the number of hairdressers who work part-time.
|Estimated Average Income|
Source: MBIE estimates based on Statistics NZ Census and Labour Cost Index
A hairdresser’s pay depends on their experience and the number of clients they have. Once qualified, an experienced hairdresser can earn up to $50,000 or more.
Hairdressers and barbers’ employment
Source: Statistics NZ Census and MBIE projections. Percentages are compound annual growth rates.
*Growth projections are for the broader category “Other Personal Services Workers”.
Hairdressers and barbers’ employment is expected to grow at 2.0% until 2020 and then at 1.1% until 2025.
Employment prospects within the hairdressing industry are relatively good. This is because demand for the service remains relatively stable, even in times of economic recession. However, demand is likely to be higher at senior levels, and the number of apprenticeships has decreased over the past few years, making the industry more difficult to move into.
Source: Statistics NZ Census and MBIE projections
|Overseas||In further study||Receiving a benefit||In employment||Median Salary|
Source: Ministry of Education
*Two years after completion of L4 Certificate - Personal Services. ‘Overseas’ refers to the percentage of ALL graduates completing this qualification. Other indicators refer only to graduates living in New Zealand.
Two years after completing a Level 4 diploma in personal services, most graduates were in employment. A reasonable proportion (close to a quarter) was in further study and a small proportion was overseas. Compared to other qualifications, a high proportion was receiving a benefit. The median salary was estimated to be about $27,900 two years after graduation.
Hairdresser vacancies are advertised through websites such as Trade Me Jobs and Seek.
Once fully qualified and experienced, hairdressers can work in a variety of areas like film, TV, magazines or fashion shows, and in different locations such as cruise ships or resorts.
Some hairdressers and barbers choose to move into salon management or open their own business, whereas others move into training. Local, national and international competitions offer opportunities for talented hairdressers.
The following occupations are related roles or alternative titles. Some of the roles may require a higher level of skill than entry-level hairdressers or barbers.
More information on a career in hairdressing is available on the Careers New Zealand website.
Careers New Zealand: www.careers.govt.nz
The NZ Hair and Beauty Industry Training Organisation Inc (HITO) provides comprehensive information on the industry, qualifications, apprenticeships and job vacancies.
The Australian New Zealand Standard Classification of Occupations (ANZSCO) is the official classification of occupations in New Zealand.
The occupation of hairdressers and barbers has been coded to the following ANZSCO codes for the purpose of this report:
3911 – Hairdressers