Job Prospects... At a glance
Job prospects for financial advisers are generally good as many workers in this occupation are likely to retire over the next decade.
Financial advisers who provide more complex advice are required to be authorised by the Financial Markets Authority This makes entry more difficult, but there are more opportunities for those who are authorised. Income for financial advisers is high.
Financial advisers provide advice about financial planning, insurance, investing and other financial services and products. The occupation ‘financial adviser’ includes the likes of financial planners, mortgage and insurance brokers; as well as people working for insurance companies, banks and building societies that provide advice about money, financial products and investing.
There are three different types of financial advisers, and the services they provide vary. Registered financial advisers (RFAs) are typically mortgage brokers or insurance brokers. Authorised financial advisers (AFAs) are allowed to provide more complex and personalised investment advice. QFE advisers work in a qualifying financial entity (QFE) and are covered by the entity’s authorisation. See the website of the Financial Markets Authority (FMA) for more details on the different types of advisers.
Financial advisers need a thorough understanding of how financial markets work so they can give good advice to clients. Having qualifications at Level 5 or above is preferable for all jobs in this occupation.
FMA, types of financial advisers: https://fma.govt.nz/compliance/financial-advice/types-of-financial-advisers
A variety of certificate and degree qualifications are available. At a minimum, you would require a National Certificate in Financial Services (Level 5) to become an Authorised Financial Adviser. There is a Diploma in Personal Financial Planning. For more information about the skills framework needed to enter financial services work, see the Skills Organisation website.
Many financial advisers also have a degree, such as a bachelor’s degree in a relevant field (for example, finance, business or accounting).
Skills Organisation, financial services: www.skills.org.nz/financial-services-sector
Skills Organisation, Certificate in Financial Services: skills.org.nz/industries/financial-services/learning-pathways
|Bachelor of Commerce in Finance||Graduate Diploma in Business Studies (Personal Financial Planning)|
|$18,600 over three years||$5,800 over one year|
Average costs in 2014 for a domestic student. Costs vary between institutions. Some polytechnics may have zero-fees schemes. Further costs include materials, textbooks, and accommodation.
Rents vary from place to place. Estimated market rents by region, city and suburb are available on the MBIE Tenancy Services website.
The StudyLink website provides general budget advice for students, and the Sorted website provides help with detailed budget planning.
Relevant qualifications are available across New Zealand, at polytechnics, private training organisations (PTOs) and universities.
The legislative regime for financial advisers is currently under review and changes are expected to be made in the coming years.
RFAs currently need to be registered on the Financial Service Providers Register.
Advisers working in a qualifying financial entity do not need to be individually registered.
Under the Financial Advisers Act (2008) authorisation is required for authorised financial advisers. To do this, they need to:
For more detail on licensing, see the FMA website.
FMA, licensing: fma.govt.nz/compliance/role/authorised-financial-advisers
The number of students completing relevant qualifications remained unchanged at 755 from 2012 to 2014.
Completed qualifications chart
Source: Ministry of Education
In 2016, the average annual income for financial advisers was estimated to be around $92,000.
|Estimated Average Income|
Source: MBIE estimates based on Statistics NZ Census and Labour Cost Index.
Financial advisers’ employment
Source: Statistics NZ Census and MBIE projections. Percentages are compound annual growth rates.
*Growth projections are for the broader category “Financial Brokers and Dealers, and Investment Advisers”.
Employment numbers for financial advisers were stable from 2006 to 2013. Employment is expected to grow by about 1.6% per year from 2013 to 2020, and remain flat (down by 0.1%) from 2020 to 2025. However, demand for new financial advisers could be quite high, as many financial advisers are expected to retire in the next 10 to 15 years.
Source: Statistics NZ Census and MBIE projections
|Overseas||In further study||Receiving a benefit||In employment||Median Salary|
Source: Ministry of Education
*Two years after completion of Bachelor Degree - Accountancy. ‘Overseas’ refers to the percentage of ALL graduates completing this qualification. Other indicators refer only to graduates living in New Zealand.
A large majority of graduates were in employment two years after completing a bachelor’s degree in accountancy. Some were overseas, but relatively few were in further study. Almost none were receiving a benefit. The median salary was estimated to be around $46,600 two years after graduation.
The number of online job vacancies for financial investment advisers and managers has grown slower than the average for all occupations since 2010. The number of online job ads was about the same in April 2016 as in April 2008.
Jobs advertised chart
Source: Ministry of Business, Innovation & Employment
Vacancies are advertised through public media such as the Trade Me Jobs and Seek websites.
Most financial advisers need to establish a list of clients, which takes time. Many financial advisers begin their careers in junior positions within financial firms or banks and work their way up from there.
The following occupations are related roles or alternative titles. Some of the roles may require a higher level of skill than entry-level financial advisers.
More information about financial advisers is available on the Careers New Zealand website.
Careers New Zealand: www.careers.govt.nz
The Australian New Zealand Standard Classification of Occupations (ANZSCO) is the official classification of occupations in New Zealand.
The occupation of financial advisers has been coded to the following ANZSCO codes for the purpose of this report:
222 – Financial Brokers and Dealers, and Investment Advisers