Job Prospects... At a glance
Prospects for winemakers are good. There is a shortage of skilled winemakers in New Zealand and employment numbers are projected to grow. Income is high.
Winemakers plan and manage wine production. This can include planning the harvest of grapes, deciding which grapes to use and the specific blend of a wine, and other tasks such as marketing and administration.
According to the latest information from the New Zealand and Australian online job ads, some of the top skills employers look for include:
Source: Burning Glass Technologies’ Labor Insight™ Real-time Labor Market Information tool
Winemakers usually have a qualification in wine production, wine science, viticulture, oenology, or a related field. Winemakers also usually start out as cellar hands, assistant winemakers, or other entry-level positions, before progressing to become winemakers. This experience allows them to learn on the job before getting more responsibility.
|Bachelor of Wine Science/Viticulture and Winemaking|
|$20,800 over three years|
Average costs in 2018 for a domestic student. Costs vary between institutions. First time students may be eligible for fees-free tertiary education for their first year of study, which will reduce the total cost. For more information about fees-free eligibility, go to feesfree.govt.nz. Some polytechnics may have a zero-fees scheme. Further costs include materials, textbooks, and accommodation.
Rents vary from place to place. Estimated market rents by region, city and suburb are available on the MBIE Tenancy Services website.
The StudyLink website provides general budget advice for students, and the Sorted website provides help with detailed budget planning.
Many institutions offer qualifications that can be relevant for winemakers. Lincoln University in Canterbury, Eastern Institute of Technology in Hawke’s Bay, and Nelson Marlborough Institute of Technology in Marlborough all offer particularly relevant qualifications in winemaking.
The number of students completing a bachelor’s degree in horticulture or viticulture has risen since 2011, and the number completing Level 4 Certificates ahs fallen. Many relevant qualifications for winemakers are under food processing, which is not covered here.
Qualification completions chart
Source: Ministry of Education
In 2017, the average income for winemakers was estimated to be around $77,200.
|Estimated Average Income|
Source: MBIE estimates based on Statistics NZ Census and Labour Cost Index
Source: Statistics NZ Census and MBIE projections. Percentages are compound annual growth rates.
*Growth projections are for the broader category “Natural and Physical Science Professionals”.
Winemaker numbers grew slowly between 2006 and 2013. Growth is forecast to continue, and be almost three percent each year until 2026.
Source: Statistics NZ Census and MBIE projections
|Overseas||In further study||Receiving a benefit||In employment||Median Salary|
Source: Tertiary Education Commission.
*Three years after completion of Level 4 Certificate - Horticulture & Viticulture.
Most graduates were in employment three years after completing a level 4 Certificate in horticulture and viticulture. Some were overseas, and a few were in further study. The median salary was around $47,000 three years after graduating. .
Winemakers appear on Immigration New Zealand’s immediate skill shortage list (Canterbury/ Upper South Island, Otago/Southland), indicating the government is actively encouraging skilled workers in that occupation to work in those regions. A full list can be found on Immigration New Zealand’s website.
Immigration NZ, skill shortage list: skillshortages.immigration.govt.nz
Online vacancies for the broader category chemists, and food and wine scientists has been relatively stable since 2011. The number of advertisements was slightly lower in 2017 than in 2016.
Jobs advertised chart
Source: Ministry of Business, Innovation & Employment
Winemaker vacancies are advertised through public media such as the Trade Me Jobs and Seek websites.
Most winemakers start out in more junior positions such as cellar hands or assistant winemakers.
Winemakers can progress to managing other winemakers in the position of chief winemaker. Also, some buy their own vineyards, or buy into the vineyard they work at.
The following occupations are related roles or alternative titles. Some of the roles may require a higher level of skill than entry-level winemakers.
More information on winemakers is available on the websites of Careers New Zealand and through the "Just the Job" video.
The Australian New Zealand Standard Classification of Occupations (ANZSCO) is the official classification of occupations in New Zealand.
The occupation of winemakers has been coded to the following ANZSCO code for the purpose of this report:
234213 – Wine Maker