Job Prospects... At a glance
Job prospects are good for skippers and marine officers, especially those with experience. Income is high; however, it can be a hard occupation to get into, because it is difficult to find a position where one can gain the experience needed to become a skipper or marine officer.
Skippers are the captains or masters of a ship. They are responsible for everything that happens on the ship and have overall command on board. Marine officers assist the captain in running the ship. They have authority over the rest of the ship’s crew, and if there is more than one officer, they will take turns in steering the ship from the bridge.
To work as a skipper or marine officer, you need to complete a qualification and get a certificate from Maritime New Zealand. There are various qualifications available. The qualification and certificate needed depends on the size of the ship, where it operates, and the nature of the ship’s operations (carrying passengers, carrying cargo, or fishing).
There are many different pathways to becoming a skipper or marine officer. They all involve completing a New Zealand qualification, spending time at sea, and require the candidate to pass a Maritime New Zealand examination at the end of the training period. Training can be done while working on a ship, at a polytechnic, or a combination of the two.
On large foreign-going vessels you will need to spend time at sea working as part of the crew before you can become an officerand you will need to spend time working as an officer before you can become a skipper.
To work at sea, you must pass a medical test and an eyesight test and you must be assessed as a “fit and proper person” by Marine New Zealand. You also need to hold some additional qualifications, for example, in first aid and survival.
Maritime New Zealand’s website has further details about the different certificates and qualifications.
Costs vary depending on which certificate is being taken and in what way. The cheapest way to obtain a certificate is to train while working on a ship at sea. Training at polytechnics usually costs more, but this sort of training will be required to obtain the qualifications needed for some certificates.
The fee for the certificate itself is usually around $800-1000. In addition, there are usually fees for gaining qualifications in first aid and other required subjects.
Rents vary from place to place. Estimated market rents by region, city and suburb are available on the MBIE Tenancy Services website.
The StudyLink website provides general budget advice for students, and the Sorted website provides help with detailed budget planning.
Certificates and diplomas in maritime subjects are offered at different levels at Manukau Institute of Technology, Waiariki Bay of Plenty Polytechnic, Nelson Marlborough Institute of Technology, Westport Deepsea Fishing School and Coastguard Boating Education.
In general, the number of students completing a Level 4 certificate in the broader category ‘Maritime Engineering & Technology’ increased until 2011, but has fallen since that peak. Note that this is the lowest possible qualification for a skipper, and to obtain foreign going certificates higher qualifications are needed. The number of graduates at higher levels has increased in recent years.
Qualification completions chart
Source: Ministry of Education
The average annual income for skippers and marine officers in New Zealand is estimated to be around $78,500. Experienced skippers on larger ships can earn considerably more than this. The overall income level for senior officers and skippers is high.
|Estimated Average Income|
Source: MBIE estimates based on Statistics NZ Census and Labour Cost Index
Skippers and marine officers’ employment
Source: Statistics NZ Census and MBIE projections. Percentages are compound annual growth rates.
* Growth projections are based on the broader category “Air and Marine Transport Professionals”.
The number of skippers and marine officers in employment rose slightly from 2006 to 2013. This trend is projected to continue for the next few years, before quite stable numbers are expected during 2020-2025. An additional 150 to 200 workers will also be required each year to replace older workers as they retire.
Skippers and marine officers often work on ocean-going ships and often work a shift schedule where they work on the ship for three months before getting three months off.
Source: Statistics NZ Census and MBIE projections
As of 27.02.2017, skippers and marine officers are no longer on Immigration New Zealand's skill shortage lists.
Immigration NZ, skill shortage list: skillshortages.immigration.govt.nz
Since 2008 the number of online job vacancies for the broader category ‘Marine Transport Professionals’ has grown slightly quicker than the average for all vacancies. This means that getting a job in this industry should be easier than a few years ago.
Jobs advertised chart
Source: Ministry of Business, Innovation & Employment
Skipper and marine officer vacancies are advertised through public media such as the Trade Me Jobs and Seek websites.
Marine officers can go on to become skippers. Skippers can gain higher-level certificates that allow them to work on larger ships or in international waters. Competenz has an overview of career opportunities for skippers and marine officers.
The following occupations are related roles or alternative titles. Some of the roles may require a higher level of skill than entry skippers and marine officers.
More information on skippers and marine officers is available on the Careers New Zealand website.
Careers New Zealand: www.careers.govt.nz
The Australian New Zealand Standard Classification of Occupations (ANZSCO) is the official classification of occupations in New Zealand.
The occupation of skippers and marine officers has been coded to the following ANZSCO code for their purpose of this report:
2312 – Marine Transport Professionals