Job Prospects... At a glance
Employment for panelbeaters is expected to decline over the next few years. At the same time, the industry reports serious challenges in recruiting qualified staff, and there is strong demand for qualified workers. Apprentice positions remain competitive with many applicants for each position.
Longer term, demand for panelbeaters may decrease, as there is a trend of replacing rather than repairing car parts.
“Panelbeaters” refers collectively to those working in the automotive collision repair sector. The sector includes collision repair technicians and automotive refinishers.
Collision repair technicians weld and repair cars that have been damaged in a collision, or rusted over time. They replace and repair sections of the cars exterior in order to restore the car to a proper condition.
Automotive refinishers prepare the surface of the car for painting and then paint the car after the collision repair technicians have been working on it. Preparation for painting involves sanding the affected areas of the car.
To become a qualified collision repair technician you need a National Certificate in Motor Industry (Automotive Body) (Levels 3 and 4) with a strand in collision repair.
To become an automotive refinisher, you can do the same qualifications, but with a strand in refinishing.
|On the job training|
*if completed as an employer-funded apprenticeship there may be no fees for the apprentice
The least expensive way to train as a collision repair technician or automotive refinisher is to become an apprentice and learn on the job. As an apprentice you can earn while gaining a qualification.
Current fees for a MITO apprenticeship are $1,145 (GST exclusive) per year, which includes all training, resources and learner support.
Rents vary from place to place. Estimated market rents by region, city and suburb are available on the MBIE Tenancy Services website.
The StudyLink website provides general budget advice for students, and the Sorted website provides help with detailed budget planning.
MITO New Zealand Incorporated (MITO) is the Industry Training Organisation (ITO) that facilitates on the job training for collision repair and automotive refinishing. Through MITO, qualifications are achieved through New Zealand Apprenticeship training programmes while working full-time in the industry. Generally, the training takes around three and a half years to complete. As part of the apprenticeship, MITO apprentices will get up to 80 hours of off-the-job training every year through a local polytechnic or specialist training provider. Polytechnics throughout New Zealand also provide panelbeating courses.
The New Zealand Apprenticeships scheme is available for anyone over the age of 16, and is subsidised by the government. More information on the scheme is on the Tertiary Education Commission (TEC) website.
The number of graduates with a Level 4 Certificate in the broader category ‘Automotive Engineering & Technology’ decreased from 2009 to 2010 and has been quite stable at around 300-350 since. This means there has been a quite stable supply of apprentices for the last few years.
Qualification completions chart
Source: Ministry of Education
The annual income in 2016 for panelbeaters is estimated to be around $44,000. There is a significant range of wages depending on whether the employee is qualified or not, and experienced, qualified workers may earn much more than this.
|Estimated Average Income|
Source: MBIE estimates based on Statistics NZ Census and Labour Cost Index.
A 2015 Motor Trade Association Survey found that:
Source: Statistics NZ Census and MBIE projections. Percentages are compound annual growth rates.
* Growth projections are based on the wider category “Panelbeaters, and Vehicle Body Builders, Trimmers and Painters”.
The number of panelbeaters in employment decreased considerably from 2006 to 2013. This trend is projected to have eased in the current period, but the decline is expected to continue after 2020.
At the same time, the industry reports difficulties in hiring qualified employees. This indicates that the decline in employment is because there are too few qualified panelbeaters, rather than too little work.
Source: Statistics NZ Census and MBIE projections
|Overseas||In further study||Receiving a benefit||In employment||Median Salary|
Source: Ministry of Education
*Two years after completion of Level 4 Certificate – Automotive Engineering & Technology. ‘Overseas’ refers to the percentage of ALL graduates completing this qualification. Other indicators refer only to graduates living in New Zealand.
Two years after completing a Level 4 Certificate in Automotive Engineering and Technology, most graduates are either in employment or further study. A relatively small proportion of graduates go overseas.
Collision repair technicians and automotive refinishers are not on Immigration New Zealand's skill shortage lists.
Immigration NZ, skill shortage list: skillshortages.immigration.govt.nz
The number of online job ads for panelbeaters grew quickly in the years leading up to 2015, and in April 2016, there were almost four times as many advertisements compared to April 2008. This shows that finding work has become easier for panelbeaters over this period, although that may not extend to new apprentices.
Jobs advertised chart
Source: Ministry of Business, Innovation & Employment
Panelbeater vacancies are advertised through public media such as the Trade Me Jobs, Seek and MITO websites. There are specialist recruitment agencies for the automotive industry, such as Automotive Employment NZ and Automotive and Technical Personnel. Many jobs can also be found via word-of-mouth or by approaching employers proactively.
Trade Me Jobs: www.trademe.co.nz/jobs
Automotive Employment NZ: www.automotiveemployment.co.nz
Automotive and Technical Personnel: www.helpme.co.nz/positions-available
Panelbeaters can go on to specialise in certain aspects of the trade. Experienced panelbeaters often progress to business management and ownership.
The following occupations are related roles or alternative titles. Some of the roles may require a higher level of skill than entry-level panelbeaters.
More information on panelbeaters is available on the Careers New Zealand website and through the "Just the Job" videos.
Careers New Zealand: www.careers.govt.nz
Vocational Pathway: youthguarantee.net.nz
Just the Job video clip: A Career in Automotive Collision Repair
Just the Job video clip: A Career as an Automotive Refinisher
The Australian New Zealand Standard Classification of Occupations (ANZSCO) is the official classification of occupations in New Zealand.
The occupation of panelbeaters has been coded to the following ANZSCO code for their purpose of this report:
324 – Panelbeaters, and Vehicle Body Builders, Trimmers and Painters