Job Prospects... At a glance
The chances of getting work as a performing artist are limited because the performing arts industry in New Zealand is small and competition for roles is high. The size of the industry also makes it difficult to sustain a career as a full-time performing artist. Many supplement their income with other jobs.
Actors entertain people by acting out a role using body movement and speech. They may act live in the theatre or act in recorded television shows, advertisements or movies.
Entertainers entertain people by singing, dancing, playing musical instruments performing other entertaining acts. They may perform live in concerts, shows or circuses, or record their performances to be sold later.
There are no specific entry requirements to become a performing artist. However, there are a number of workshops, courses and qualifications that can help develop your skills. These include acting, singing or movement workshops, lessons in playing instruments, and certificate, diploma or degree programmes in performing arts.
Amateur acting experience, such as in school productions or amateur theatre, is also very useful. Many communities have Repertory or Little Theatre societies.
Although there are shorter courses in performing arts and drama and theatre studies, the bachelor’s degree is popular.
Aspiring musicians can do a Bachelor of Music. This is especially useful for classical musicians. There are also other certificates and diplomas available for musicians.
|Bachelor in Drama & Theatre or Performing Arts|
|$19,300 over three years|
Average fees in 2015/16 for a domestic student. Costs vary between institutions. Further costs can include student levies, administrative fees, materials, textbooks and accommodation.
Rents vary from place to place. Estimated market rents by region, city and suburb are available on the MBIE Tenancy Services website.
The StudyLink website provides general budget advice for students, and the Sorted website provides help with detailed budget planning.
The specialist provider of performing arts qualifications in New Zealand is Toi Whakaari – the New Zealand Drama School. Unitec, the National Academy of Singing and Dramatic Art, South Seas, and The Actors Programme all provide training for acting and ether performing arts. You can also study performing arts, music, or drama and theatre at various universities, wānanga and polytechnics throughout the country. Careers New Zealand’s website has a searchable database of NZQA-registered courses.
South Seas: www.southseas.co.nz
The Actors Program: www.theactorsprogram.co.nz
Toi Whakaari (New Zealand Drama School): www.toiwhakaari.ac.nz
Careers NZ, Education and training: www.careers.govt.nz/education-and-training
The number of students completing a bachelor’s degree in performing arts has been between 600 and 800 in recent years. Drama qualifications at other levels are also available.
Qualification completions chart
Source: Ministry of Education
Equity New Zealand represents performers in contracts, disputes, training and other professional issues.
Equity New Zealand: actorsequity.org.nz
In 2016, the estimated average income for performing artists was $36,000. Some individuals, however, earn considerably more.
|Estimated Average Income|
Source: MBIE estimates based on Statistics NZ Census and Labour Cost Index
Performing artists’ employment
Source: Statistics NZ Census and MBIE projections. Percentages are compound annual growth rates.
*Growth projections are for the broader category “Arts Professionals”.
The number of performing artists employed in New Zealand was stable over the period from 2006 to 2013. Future growth for the wider category of ‘Arts Professionals’ looks very good, above the average for all occupations.
There is, however, plenty of competition for acting roles, which means it can be hard to find work. Acting employment is also often characterised by fixed-term roles, which can feel less secure than permanent roles.
Source: Statistics NZ Census and MBIE projections
|Overseas||In further study||Receiving a benefit||In employment||Median Salary|
Source: Ministry of Education
*Two years after completion of a Bachelor of Performing Arts. ‘Overseas’ are the percentage of all graduates completing this qualification. Other indicators are of graduates in New Zealand.
Two years after graduating, most people with a degree in performing arts were either in employment or in further study. Some were overseas, while a few were receiving benefits. The median salary was around $27,500 at that point.
Performing artists are not on Immigration New Zealand's skills shortage lists.
Immigration NZ, skill shortage list: skillshortages.immigration.govt.nz
The number of online job advertisements for the category “Actors, Dancers and Other Entertainers” has increased for the last few years, after a gradual decline since 2008. Note that many vacancies for these jobs are not advertised online.
Jobs advertised chart
Source: Ministry of Business, Innovation & Employment
Although some vacancies are advertised through talent agencies and websites such as Trade Me Jobs and Seek, professional performing artists work with their agents, who receive confidential casting briefs (audition calls) from casting directors. Employment can also be found through proactive job-seeking with potential employers.
There is no clear career path for performing artists. Pay rates vary depending on your ability and experience, location, and the type of work. Being a performing artist can also be a pathway into other roles in the performing arts industry, such as writing, directing, and producing, and into teaching roles in the education sector.
The following occupations are related roles or alternative titles. Some of the roles may require a higher level of skill than entry-level performing artists.
More information on performing artists is available through Careers New Zealand and Actors Equity New Zealand.
The Australian New Zealand Standard Classification of Occupations (ANZSCO) is the official classification of occupations in New Zealand.
The occupation of performing artists has been coded to the following ANZSCO codes for the purpose of this report:
211111 – Actor
211112 – Dancer or Choreographer
211113 – Entertainer or Variety Artist
2112 – Music Professionals