Ministry of Business and Innovation - Occupation Outlook

Occupation Outlook | Main MBIE Site

Electricians

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Income
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Fees
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Job Prospects

Job Prospects... At a glance

New Zealand has a shortage of trained, qualified electricians, so employment prospects are good. Demand is high in Auckland and Christchurch, where electricians are needed for house building and commercial work.

How to become an electrician

What they do    

Electricians install, maintain and repair electrical systems and equipment in a wide range of areas. They are involved construction and maintenance of both residential and commercial properties. Electricians do a wide range of work, depending on what they specialise in.

Qualifications needed

To become an electrician you need to complete a National Certificate in Electrical Engineering – Electrician for Registration (Level 4) or, for electricity supply electricians, a National Certificate in Electricity Supply (Level 4). You can complete these qualifications as part of an apprenticeship with a registered electrician. An apprenticeship usually takes three to four years to complete, and involves a mix of theory and practical on-the-job learning.

The New Zealand Apprenticeships scheme is available for anyone over the age of 16, and is subsidised by the government. More information on the scheme is on the Tertiary Education Commission (TEC) website.

TEC: www.tec.govt.nz/learners-organisations/learners/learn-about/apprenticeships

Cost of study

National Certificate in Electrical Engineering/ Electricity Supply (Level 4, Apprenticeship)
$4,000-$6,500 over three years

Average costs in 2016 for a domestic student. Costs vary between institutions. Some polytechnics may have a zero-fees scheme. Further costs include materials, textbooks, and accommodation.

Costs may be subsidised or fully paid when done as part of an apprenticeship.

More information on apprenticeships is available on the Skills Organisation website. This site also outlines the path students can take to become a registered electrician. Connexis, the Infrastructure Industry Trade Organisation (ITO), provides information on electricity supply electricians. The Electrical Workers Registration Board (EWRB) provides work requirements for different careers in the electrical trade.

Skills Organisation: www.skills.org.nz/industries/specialist-trades/electrical/electrical-engineering 
Connexis: www.connexis.org.nz/qualifications/electricity-supply
Electrical Workers Registration Board - Careers: www.ewrb.govt.nz/training-and-qualifications/careers

The StudyLink website provides general budget advice for students, and the Sorted website provides help with detailed budget planning.

StudyLink: www.studylink.govt.nz
Sorted: www.sorted.org.nz/calculators/money-planner

Where to study

Electrician courses are available around the country, but you will most likely study in a region close to where you are completing your apprenticeship.

The EWRB has a comprehensive list of electrician training providers.

Electrical Workers Registration Board: www.ewrb.govt.nz/training-and-qualifications/training-providers/

Registration

Electricians need to be registered with the EWRB. To apply for registration you need to have a National Certificate in Electrical Engineering and you must pass an electrical regulations exam.

In June 2014, there were 25,781 registered electrical workers, up 7.8% on the previous year.

Number of licenced electrical workers chart

Source: Electrical Workers Registration Board

Income and employment prospects

Income

In 2016, the average income for electricians was estimated to be around $57,000. Most electricians earn between $40,000 and $70,000 a year.

Estimated Average Income
$57,000

Source: MBIE estimates based on Statistics NZ Census and Labour Cost Index.

Employment and skill shortages

Electricians’ employment

HistoricProjected Growth
2006 2013 2020 2025
13,716 13,893 20,480 23,926
  0.2% 5.7% 3.2%

Source: Statistics NZ Census and MBIE projections. Percentages are compound annual growth rates.

The number of employed electricians has remained steady for the last several years, with very little impact from the global recession. Employment numbers are projected to increase significantly until 2020. After that, there will still be quick growth, but not as quick as 2013-2020.

It is notable that there are a large number of registered electricians who are not currently working as electricians (around 5,000). This might be because they are working in related fields.

Employment chart

Source: Statistics NZ Census and MBIE projections

Outcomes after qualification completion*

OverseasIn further studyReceiving a benefitIn employmentMedian Salary
4% 35% S 58% $34,400

Source: Ministry of Education. “S” means data is supressed because of low numbers.
*Two years after completion of L4 Certificate - Electrical & Electronic Engineer & Tech. ‘Overseas’ refers to the percentage of ALL graduates completing this qualification. Other indicators refer only to graduates living in New Zealand.

Most graduates with a level 4 diploma in electrical and electronic engineering and tech are in employment two years after graduating. Almost no one is on benefits. Some are in further study, few are overseas. The median salary was $34,400 at that point.

Electricians are on Immigration New Zealand's Long-Term Skill Shortage List for all regions. If a job appears on the list, it means the government is actively encouraging skilled people in the role to come and work in New Zealand. A full list is available on the Immigration New Zealand website.

Immigration NZ, skill shortage list: skillshortages.immigration.govt.nz

Where to find job vacancies

The number of online job vacancies for electricians has increased steadily since 2010, and in April 2016, there were two and a half times as many advertisements as in April 2008.

Jobs advertised chart

Source: Ministry of Business, Innovation & Employment

Electrician vacancies are advertised through public media such as the Trade Me Jobs and Seek websites.

Trade Me Jobs: www.trademe.co.nz/jobs
Seek: www.seek.co.nz 

Career path

After several years of experience, many electricians become contractors, running their own business. Electrical contractors may plan, supervise or work on electrical systems or equipment.

Most electricians work for or operate a small business. Often these businesses provide electrical services to homes and other small businesses. Industrial and specialist electricians can work in a wide range of areas, including:

  • the dairy industry
  • boat building
  • the petrochemical industry (oil rigs and refineries)
  • electricity supply and manufacturing
  • engineering
  • construction
  • domestic (house building/maintenance)

Related occupations

The following occupations are related roles or alternative titles. Some of the roles may require a higher level of skill than entry-level electricians.

  • Automotive Electrician
  • Carpenter
  • Electrical Contractor
  • Electrical Engineering Technician
  • Electrical Fitter
  • Electrical Inspector
  • Electronic Trades Worker
  • Line Mechanic
  • Plumber

Other information

Links

More information on electricians is available on the websites of Careers NZ and the Skills Organisation. The "Just the Job" videos also contain useful information.

Careers NZ: www.careers.govt.nz
Skills: skills.org.nz
Just the Job video clip: A Career in Electrical Engineering
Just the Job video clip: A Career as an Electrican - Training with the Electrical Training Company
Just the Job video clip: A Career in Electricity Supply
Just the Job video clip: A Career as a Power Technician & Line Mechanic

ANZSCO

The Australian New Zealand Standard Classification of Occupations (ANZSCO) is the official classification of occupations in New Zealand.

The occupation of electricians has been coded to the following ANZSCO code for the purpose of this report:

3411 – Electricians